Anti-Corruption Indexes

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL PERCEPTION INDEX

Transparency International is a global movement working in over 100 countries to end the injustice of corruption.

We focus on issues with the greatest impact on people’s lives and hold the powerful to account for the common good. Through our advocacy, campaigning and research, we work to expose the systems and networks that enable corruption to thrive, demanding greater transparency and integrity in all areas of public life.

https://www.transparency.org/en/about

INDEX OF PUBLIC INTEGRITY, ERCAS AND HERTIE SCHOOL OF GOVERNANCE

The Index of Public Integrity (IPI) is a composite index that uses indirect objective measures (proxies) in a conscious attempt to present an actionable corruption measurement methodology.  The IPI provides a measure of a country’s capacity to control corruption and enforce integrity, broadly understood as a balance between constraints (legal + normative) vs resources (power discretion + material resources). The single composite indicator is based on an assessment of six components:  budget transparency, administrative transparency, online services, judicial independence, ecitizenship and freedom of the press.

IBRAHIM INDEX OF AFRICAN GOVERNANCE

The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) measures the level of good governance in 54 African countries across four categories: security and rule of law; participation, rights and inclusion; foundations for economic opportunity; and human development. The security and rule of law category contains several indicators on accountability, transparency and corruption. The index uses a scale from 0 to 100, where 100 is the best possible score. The index’s dataset is updated every year, implying a retrospective revision of the scores from previous years.

2023 AFP PAYMENTS FRAUD AND CONTROL SURVEY

Underwritten by:

JPMorgan_Logo_122120_RGB

The 2023 AFP® Payments Fraud and Control Survey reports 65 percent of organizations were victims of payments fraud attacks/attempts in 2022. Of those organizations experiencing attempted or actual payments fraud, 71% were victims of Business Email Compromise (BEC).  Over 450 treasury practitioners participated in this survey and their responses form the basis of this report. The survey, now in its 15thyear, was underwritten by J.P. Morgan.

Download key highlights

FINANCIAL SECRECY INDEX, TAX JUSTICE NETWORK

Countries at the top of the Corruption Perceptions Index 2023 may enjoy a less corrupt public sector, but they have a lot of work to do to combat transnational corruption in which they are deeply complicit.

In many of the high-performing countries on the CPI, financial secrecy has been at the heart of the business model for attracting foreign investment. It is also one of the biggest obstacles to fighting globalised corruption, preventing even the most willing law enforcement agencies from investigating suspicious wealth.

Financial secrecy facilitates tax abuse, enables money laundering and undermines the human rights of all.

The Financial Secrecy Index ranks jurisdictions according to the opacity of their financial services industry and the scale of their offshore financial activities. The index is based on 20 indicators grouped around four broad dimensions of secrecy:
ownership registration; legal entity transparency; integrity of tax and financial regulation; and international standards and cooperation.  The index is designed to help policymakers, researchers and advocates understand the extent and impact of global financial secrecy, tax havens/secrecy jurisdictions, and illicit financial flows.

Tax Justice Network

GLOBAL ORGANISED CRIME INDEX

The Global Organized Crime Index is a multi-dimensional tool that assesses the level of criminality and resilience to organized crime for 193 countries along three key pillars – criminal markets, criminal actors, and resilience. Developed over a two-year period, the Index draws from both quantitative and qualitative sources and is underpinned by over 350 expert assessments and evaluations by the GI-TOC’s regional observatories.

Global Organised Crime Index

GLOBAL CORRUPTION INDEX, GLOBAL RISK PROFILE

The Global Corruption Index measures the state of- corruption and white-collar crimes in 196 countries and territories. They are ranked from very low risk (0) to very high risk (100). According to the website, the index can be used to conduct initial risk mappings as part of a company’s compliance.  The index uses four indicators to measure corruption: the ratification of key conventions, level of perceived corruption, reported experience of public and private corruption by citizens and the private sector, and a selection of country characteristics closely linked to corruption.

Global Corruption Index, Global Risk Profile

GLOBAL CORRUPTION BAROMETER

Global Corruption Barometer – Transparency.org

Have you paid a bribe? Has corruption increased in your country? Is your government effectively tackling corruption?

You have an opinion and that’s what we want the world to hear. Since its debut in 2003, the Global Corruption Barometer has surveyed the experiences of everyday people confronting corruption around the world. Through our Global Corruption Barometer, tens of thousands of people around the globe are asked about their views and experiences, making it the only worldwide public opinion survey on corruption

FRAGILE STATES INDEX, THE FUND FOR PEACE

The Fragile States ranks 179 countries based on the pressures they face that impact their levels of fragility. A lower score for a country’s total indicator means the greater relative stability. The index assesses several indicators measuring a country’s stability, including:

  • cohesion indicators: a country’s security apparatus, factionalised elites, group grievance
  • economic indicators: economic decline, uneven development, human flight
  • political indicators: state legitimacy, public services, human rights
  • social indicators: demographics, refugees and internally displace people, external intervention
Fragile States Index

TRACE BRIBERY RISK MATRIX

The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix (TRACE Matrix) measures business bribery risk in 194 jurisdictions, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions. The overall country risk score is a combined and weighted score of four domains: Business Interactions with GovernmentAnti-Bribery Deterrence and EnforcementGovernment and Civil Service Transparency; and Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, including the role of the media. The domain scores are derived from nine subdomains. The TRACE Matrix was originally developed in 2014 in collaboration with RAND Corporation. It is updated annually by TRACE.

TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix

BASEL AML INDEX

The Basel AML Index is a leading independent ranking of money laundering and terrorist financing (ML/TF) risks around the world. It provides risk scores based on data from 18 publicly available sources such as the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), Transparency International, the World Bank and the World Economic Forum. The risk scores cover five domains considered to contribute to a high risk of ML/TF:

  1. Quality of AML/CFT Framework
  2. Bribery and Corruption
  3. Financial Transparency and Standards
  4. Public Transparency and Accountability
  5. Legal and Political Risks

The Basel AML Index is developed and maintained by the Basel Institute on Governance through its International Centre for Asset Recovery.

Visit the Basel AML Index website

BERGGRUEN GOVERNANCE INDEX

The Berggruen Governance Index is founded on the premise that the key to good governance is to achieve a good balance between democratic accountability (quality of democracy), state capacity (quality of governance) and public goods provision (quality of life) (Anheier, Lang and Knudsen 2022). This “triangle” theory implies that all three of these dimensions need to be strong and resilient for good governance to exist.

The subdimensions of each are:

  • democratic accountability: institutional
    accountability; electoral accountability;
    societal accountability
  • state capacity: fiscal capacity; coordination
    capacity; delivery capacity
  • public goods provision: social public goods;
    economic public goods; environmental
    public goods
Berggruen Governance Index

AFRICA INTEGRITY INDICATORS, GLOBAL INTEGRITY

The Africa Integrity Indicators (AII) assesses social, economic, political and anti-corruption mechanisms at the national level across 54 African countries.  It comprises 54 in-practice indicators, divided into two categories: transparency and accountability, and social development. The transparency and accountability section consists of 30 indicators examining issues including the rule of law, accountability, elections, public management integrity, civil service integrity and access to information. Global Integrity takes into account both de jure provisions and de facto realities of implementation in each country.

Africa Integrity Indicators, Global Integrity