A Bill is a draft version of a law. Most Bills are drawn up by a government department under direction of the relevant minister or deputy minister. A Bill must be approved by Cabinet before being submitted to Parliament.
Parliament is the national legislature (law-making body) of South Africa. As such, one of its major functions is to pass new laws, to amend existing laws, and to repeal or abolish (cancel) old laws. This function is guided by the Constitution of South Africa, which governs and applies to all law and conduct within South Africa.